Winnipeg Free Press

October 12, 1943

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Issue date: Tuesday, October 12, 1943

Pages available: 22

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Next edition: Wednesday, October 13, 1943

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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - October 12, 1943, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION Winnipeg Free P WINNIPEG, TUESDAY. OCTOBER 12 ___ Nova Scotia Has Blaz< id was almost completely destroyed by fire. Two large buildings, the boiler shop and another workshop, were destroyed in the blaze which lasted about 10 hours. Unconfirmed re- ports today said that one boat wa< lost and two others were badly Axis Party Would Cry Kamerad! Iwdon, Oct. 12. ess reports siiid today a fractional spute has developed among top- ing Nazi leaders over the ques- n of whether to fight the Russian ar to a finish or try to make oarate peace with Moscow. The Daily Telegraph's Zurich correspondent, quoting a despatch received there from Budapest, said the dispute arose at a meeting of German leaders last Wednesday. Goebbels and Himmier were re- ported advocating a fight to the iiiish with Russia and, if possible, a compromise with Britain and the' United States. A second group, headed by Goer- ing as mouth-piece for the German army and big industry, was said to Savor peace with Russia. Adolf Hitler, this report said insisted on preserving the army intact before making any diplo- matic moves. Hitler's decision was said to have prompted the German retreat in Russia. French Sabotage Has Nazis on Hop London, Oct. 12. rising Me of sabotage in France has driven we Germans and their Vichy col- laborators to the sternest repres- sive measures, including new at- tacks on Jews and a decree giving mobile guards permission to shoot on sight. The Paris radio said the harvests ire burning, railway lines are being Sown sky-high and trains are de- railed. burned. They had been moored alongside the at the time of the fire. Men from the new naval base crews from the Sydney dockyard lire fighting forces from Sydney nearby Glace Bay and North Syd- ney, along with soldiers from bar- racks m this area fought the flames all night last night to prevent them from spreading to the remainder of the recently-constructed naval base. Fire fighting equipment was rushed here by plane from Halifax VJ jjittiie J.J.U1H nm.uax shortly after the fire started at about 8 o'clock last night. Cause of the blaze has not yet been determined, but a spark from a welder's torcn was reported to have ignited some oil on the wharf where repair work was underway! Berlin Admits Canadian Thrust London, Oct. Berlin radio broadcast indicated today that American and Canadian troops had advanced 23 mires past Benevento, in the Galore sector of the central Italian front, and admitted a re- tirement yesterday before attacks "of battalion strength." The broadcast said part of the fighting took place in the Jelsi area which is 23 miles past the Galore river crossing at Benevento and several miles beyond any oreviously reported Allied position. Berlin described the retreat as disengaging movements. The at- acks, the broadcast said, were made "i the Benevento sector the Wore river front and near the Volturno. Two thrusts, it claimed, were repelled "with big losses for he attackers." Troops of the British Eighth Army which took the Italian naval 1 Germans Set Kiev Ablaze As Defeat Rushes Closer -v the historic buildings and decisive stages, are putting the touching off destructive land mines Churchill Tells Commons economy. Portal H Beaming national I i PORTUGAL! sovereignty of the Azores, strategic islands in the Atlantic, and all Brit- ish troops will .be withdrawn at the conclusion, of- hostilities. The London News-Chronicle said today, that British arms and equip- ment have poured into Portugal in CHURCHILL TEXT ON PAGE 4 cve au mines Triumphant Russian forces were Breaming in force across the Dnieper on' either side of Kiev and closing swiftly against the keystone city of the II n0 ipn inn "Wrrri't? An _ which the Nazis clearly de- spaired of holding much longer. The whole massive struggle for the west bank of the Dnieper, the line which Hitler had ordered his armies to hold or die, approached Guns Roar Prelude To Volturno Assault roared a thunderous prelude to a full-scale ton u assault on tne Volturno river line today, a i stiff opposition. official spokesman said th iighth army had gained furthe pound at some points, but did no Baborate. Guns of all calibres massed on "is south bank of the Volturn sat a torrent of shells into Ger Ean pillboxes and strong point the river while the Britisl sad Americans gathered strength tor a decisive crossing. Swollen by rains, the Volturno the British- a climax, army was Everywhere the swarming ahead Red and broad j tightening its grip on a stretch beyond the river. Field despatches reporting a sharp upsurge in German tank and plane double those of previous that the Nazis were reaching the peak of their resistance even as the Sovirt striking power beyond the Dnieper increased by the hour. Fury of Vandalism As their position on the right bank of the Dnieper deteriorated, the Germans loosed the full fury rrver of their vandalism on Kiev, the Jugoslavs Seize Part of Zagreb London, Oct. Free Jugoslav radio said that Gen. .Josef (Tito) Brozovich's partisans have captured the western part of Zagreb, capital of Croatia and seat of the Nazi puppet government headed by Ante Pavelic. the past week, while German arms, mainly from Bordeaux, piled up in the north Spanish port of Ferrol. Mis, Churchill announced the agreement to the house of commons n a. statement introduced with the assertion that it stemmed from the Dortuguese-British treaty signed in 1373. Portugal is Britain's oldest ally. That treaty was reinforced in 'arious forms by subsequent agree- ments down through the centuries. The old treaties were recognized n new pacts concluded in 1904 and 914. The Anglo Portuguese alliance ibligates Great Britain to protect 'ortugal and her colonies, which nclude the Azores and Cape Verde slands in the Atlantic. Mutual Defence Fact With Spain Portugal and Spain also have a mutual defence pact. Each is obli- gated to come to the aid of the other if any third power declares war on it. Mr. Churchill's announcement was made amid numerous rumors that the Portuguese, who now are engaged in their biggest military manoeuvres of the war, might de- clare hostilities against Japan. While negotiations for opening the Azores ports to Allied warships have been kept secret, a report came from Berne, early today, that Allied vessels were patrolling off the Azores. The Portuguese themselves have raging stream 100 feet to 20C yards ivide and at places overflow iag its banks. The Germans blast the bridges in their retreat anc sew pontoon spans must be throwo MOSS under enemy fire before the Kth army can resume its march Rome, nearly 100 miles to the aorft. (Radio Algiers said latest in- formation from Allied headquar- ters indicated the zero hour for the great. battle to pierce the German Defences covering Rome is immin- A Cairo broadcast said a. fierce battle was in progress north- west of Capua, where Allied patrols "ad driven across the Volurno.) Face Each Other t The oih Army and the Germans fc.e..eac'1 other across the narrow. wisting river awaiting the signal will touch off one of the "Igest battles of the war, a front- fre despatch from Associated TOSS correspondent Helman Morin fed. Artillery biased continually at positions on the north bank of Morin said, adding: site of the coming battle is Wp-shaped vallev almost com- ftely ringed with hills. We hold southern and souheastern '-opes. The Germans are entrench- k solidly in thCjnorth. They prob- relyinS defence in JWit having sunk their tanks for M artillery and covered large with barbed wire and con- Pillboxes. machine-gun nests along Driver bank. Knox Tells How New Subs Work Washington, Oct. 12. British midget submarines, which torpedoed the German battleship Tirpitz, were manned by two-men crews, U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox disclosed today at a press conference. Knox, who has recently returned from a tour of the European and African war fronts, said that the value of before hands. Vladimir Russians reported, in a bid to whit- tle down as much as possible the the great military base falls into Red army Grossman, Red Star correspondent in the sector north of Kiev, said the Germans had scorched utterly the region be- tween Chernigov and Kiev, leaving not a single house standing in the once thriving city of Chernigov. Peasants were reported living in holes with thin straw thatching all over the countryside. Grossman said that before the Germans abandoned the villages in the area, their tommy gunners ran through them, igniting the houses with in- cendiary bullets. Nazis Threaten Hostile Jugoslavs London, Oct. 12. Germany has threatened to destroy every city, town and village in Jugoslavia and to shoot an unspecified num- ber of hostages in an effort to force Partisans now waging war against the rcich to lay down their arms, a communique of the Jugoslav lib- eration army, broadcast by the Free Jugoslav radio, declared today. The communique said Germar planes were dropping leaflets ovei Jugoslav cities in which they threaten the towns with complete destruction and the shooting of hostages. This map shows the location of the Azores which now become British anti-submarine bases. the been constantly reinforcing CHURCHILL Continued on Page 8, Column 3 A communique broadcast'by the radio reported, without., elaboration that units 'of the Croat partisans'" 13th corps had occupied western Zagreb and the last fortifiad posi tions held by Pavelic's XTstach troops, the town of Zumberak. The railway from Zagreb to Bel grade, erstwhile capital of Jugo slavia, was cut at Pljesivica, the communique said. Other railroad's radiating from Zagreb were cu attack was carried out while he was North of Kiev, between the in England, and that it called for a high spirit of daring and excep- tional skill. He said that the attack was suc- cessful and the Tirpitz was im; moblized. Allies Ponder Use Of Italian Fleet London, Oct. 12. (CP) Prime Minister Churchill said today that he position 'of the Italian fleet and crews is still under active con- ideration, and that in any case, the United Nations would make the best lossible use of them. In a written reply to a house Df-commons questioner, he said more han' 100 warships and more than tons of merchant ships are n Allied hands. The warships in- lude five of Italy's six battleships n commission, and eight of 11 misers. ipanish Reaction Madrid, Oct. 12. (AP) General Francisco Franco's foreign ministry nnounced today in connection with he Portuguese grant of anti-sub- marine bases in the Azores to Britain that Spain would continue o maintain vigilant neutrality Dnieper and Desna rivers, infantry from Siberia, the Volga and Kaz- akstan was advincing through heavy rain in the dense forests and mud paddies, sometimes wading waist deep plodding forward. but always Forward, was the command the Soviet armies were executing all along the frort from the lower Dnieper to Vitebsk, in White Russia. lower upper Masses of German troops, tanks and planes counter-attacked re- peatedly all the way from Kiev to Kremenchug, 115 miles to the southeast, but everywhere were hurled back. King Christian Backs the, Jews London, Oct. 12. (BUP) King Christian of Denmark has pledged that he and all the royal family will wear the Jewish yellow star pub- licly if the Germans attempt to force Danish Jews to wear that identifying _ symbol, the London News Chronicle said in a Stock- holm despatch today. "If the Germans want to intro- duce the yellow star for Jews in Denmark, I and my whole family will wear it as a sign of the highest Christian was quoted as having said at a meeting of leaders of the Danish Lutheran church. TEMPERATURE READINGS Low during the night........ High yesterday High Oct. 12, 1942 earlier in the fighting leading uj to the partisans' successful thrus into the city. The communique also reported the capture of Slankamen on the Danube., only 25 miles northwest of Belgrade. The German garrison was disarmed. Complete occupation of Zagreb a city of would give the Partisans their biggest victory oi the war. Only yesterday, the Ger- man DNB agency reported that Pavelic's cabinet had resigned, but gave no reason. The Partisans' successes were reported by Jugoslav quarters here to have forced the German command to divert additional re- inforcements to the Balkan state, including a large proportion from the Russian front. Claim Island Seized The Jugoslav liberation army claimed last night capture of important island of Cherso, the which commands the entrance to the Gulf of Fiume, and said it controlled the whole coast of Dal- matia except for the German- occupied port of Zara. The 30-mile-long and eight-mile- vide island of Cherso is 25 miles east of the Italian naval base of at the head of the Istrian peninsula and 20 miles south of JUGOSLAVIA Continued on Page 8, Column 4 ;otiations Held Vital Weapon In Atlantic Battle Oct. 12. little- known, youthful British diplomat Frank K. Roberts, put across the Azores bases deal with the Portu- guese government without a hint leaking out. Ten years younger than his boss, Foreign Secretary Eden, Roberts at 36 is head of the foreign office cen- tral department and has been in the ministry since 1930. He is not even listed in Wtfo's Who. While Portugal was torn between ler traditional friendship with Britain and the danger to herself if she acted openly against the Axis, Roberts flew to Lisbon "uuuuu, me Azores will provide the Allies with perhaps a decisive weapon in the renewed battle of the Atlantic. The Azores are in the main Atlantic air route between New York Bermuda and Portugal. They lie airline miles southwest of London, west of Lisbon and airjine miles southeast' of Botwood, the air base in Newfoundland. Bombers based on the Azores will be able to increase greatly the intensity and effectiveness of vast .areas .of the. Atlantic, now largely covered by carrier planes and long-range bombers. The islands likewise will provide valued anchorage and refueling stops for convoy of such bases means the Allies could use the Azores as bases both for naval vessels and aircraft to hunt down submarines, and as refueling and repair centres, it was understood. Observers said that the effects of such a strategic, central series of bases on the anti-submarint could hardly be overestimated. So far as could be learned hers United States ships will noi be based in the Azores, but there was the. Reeling, American, sailors and ships would. benefit materially fvoni the greater protection offered on. the Atlantic and in a safer entrance .into the Mediterranean. It was indicated also that normal refuelling restrictions in the Azores would be relaxed for. the benefit of Allied :war and merchant ships. secretly. Agents of both sides hronging that capital apparently word of what he never heard a was doing. With Sir Ronald Hugh Campbell, veteran British diplomat who now s ambassador at Lisbon, Roberts alked with Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, premier of Portugal. That something was going to happen in Portugal became clear when practice blackouts began, jrivate autos were requisitioned and he army started manoeuvres. But he public was led to believe Portu- ral was belatedly preparing to act gainst Japan for .her land grab in Portuguese Timor in the southwest Pacific early in 1942. Boost In Old Age Pensions The Manitoba government will begin payment of increased old age pensions, Nov. -1, effective Sept. 1, even though the federal government has refused to raise the ceiling on earnings, TT___T -r .1 ___. OJ Hon. J In Great Shape Montreal, Oct. 12. H W. Foster, officer commandin Canadian forces in Kiska, said in a interview yesterday during a vis to army headquarters here that h men are working day and night o the construction.of roads and house Everyone in the Aleutians ou post is in great shape, Brig. Foste said. "Just now our men are to occupied to think of anything bu turning the island into a rea fortress." Sent Ashore London, Oct. 12. tative sources said today 4hat it could be assumed that British war- ships had reached the Azores and that forces had been sent ashore. towers Gives Manitoba Her Fifth Loan Scroll Great German Battleship Put Out Of Action For Year By Bold Attack London, October 12 British midget submarines, which torpedoed the German super-battleship Tirpitz m a Is orwegian fjord last month, probably knocked it out of the war for threTmSths to aTear well-informed sources said today. Allied warships and planes may be able to of the battleship, perhaps the most formidable in the world, if and when it atteTp? o 3W miles southward to Narvik or 400 miles farther to Trondheim for major repairs, informants At least one torpedo was known-------------------------- was handed its Victory objective of ceremony held in the _ building Monday eve- Graham F. Towers, general of the national war finance e, presented a scroll show- province's quota to Hon. McWilljams, lieutenant-gover- ht the ceremony was _ w me: tciciinjuy waa of scrolls setting Quotas of the 50 .provin- 3tTS These were turned 5, E. Sellers, chairman of i the Manitoba division of the Na- tional War Finance committee, to representatives of these districts forces. Mr. Towers representatives in the armed referred to these as King's mes- PICTURE ON PAGE 3 sengers, ready to carry back mes- sages to the front line. He praised Manitoba's record 'in previous loans, hich the province had advanced in w n wc from strength to strength. Mani- toba's effort was especially praise- worthy in view of the difficulty of organizing the scattered communi- "es. The aim of the present campaign, he said, was to interest every single home in the countryside in the loan. He was confident that Manitoba would reach and surpass its ob- jective once again. It would be one further evidence of the unity of the Canadian people, working to- gether to speed the victory. Addressing the representatives VICTORY LOAN Continued on Page 6, Column 2 O. McLenaghen, minister of health and public welfare, announced Tuesday. Under the new system where a pensioner has no income, payment of 525 a month will be made, the province thus paying the full a month increase, instead! of the former Where there is in- which with the pension amounts to more than a year, only a partial increase will be made, while in some cases no in- crease will be paid owing to the refusal of the federal government :o raise the ceiling from to P4-25 a year. Revised cheques will DC sent out to pensioners Nov. 1, including the October increase, while adjustments on the Septem- ber cheques will be made as soon as possible, Mr. McLenaghen stated. In a review of the negotiations between the federal and provin- cial governments, Mr. McLenaghen said the legislature had recom- mended an increase at both tht 942 and 1943 sessions, with a urther recommendation that the ncome ceiling be raised from 365 to to give each pensioner he .full increase. The federal government an- ounced in August that an vould be authorized, but no men- ion was made of the proposed in- rease in the ceiling. The provin- ial government pressed this point, ut the federal government re- used to take any action because Manitoba was the only provincial overnment which had asked for he increase. The Manitoba gov- rnment then executed the agrce- tent providing for the increases. Mr. McLenaghen said Manitoba ould continue its efforts to he ceiling raised to and it has een in communication with all rovinces to enlist their support revisions for the increase would pply to blind persons as well, to have hit the_ Tirpitz when the midget submarines attacked Alten- fjord, in northern Norway, Sept. 22. The minimum damage, experts said, would be the opening of its plates. Replacement would require dry- docking or raising the ship with some sort of floating'apparatus, both of which are believed too compli- cated to be attempted at Alten- ijord. Observers said Allied planes, sub- marines and surface ships would be waiting to engage the Tirpitz if it makes any run for the south. Its reduced speed would make it a virtual sitting duck target for the might of the combined Allied fleet, they said. The size of the raiding force was not .disclosed, but the announcement Japs Shot Down New Delhi, Oct. 12. (BUP) Widespread attacks by Royal Ai: Force planes on occupied Burma drew two small and ineffective Japanese retaliatory raids last nigh against Madras and the east coast o: Ceylon, a communique reported to day. v The communique said a few civilians were killed at Madras which was last attacked in Aug- ust, 1942, and that the planes which approached Ceylon were destroyed Final Message London, Oct. 12; forces fighting the Germans on Cos island, off the Turkish coast, sent a final message saying, "Do not expect to hear from us again, we're now closing the Eve- ning Standard said today in a Cairo despatch. Date of the message was not given, but the despatch said nothing had been heard from the island since, although isolated fighting probably is continuilng with British pockets holding out against Nazi attackers. said three submarines had failed to return and there was a possibility some of their "crews had been cap- tured by the Germans. Details on the size and comple- ment of the little craft were not announced. Jane's authoritative "Fighting Ships" shows British class H training submarines of 410 to 500 tons with a complement of 22, but presumably the midgets are much smaller. 1400 Miles From Base The announcement stressed that to reach the hiding place of the Nazi warships the 'submarines were forced to operate more than miles from the nearest British base. Two days after the attack, the Germans announced officially that a thrust by midget submarines had seen 'repulsed and that prisoners lad been taken. to arrive in Italy, leave an R-A.F, Briitol Bombay air am The first contingent of Allied nurses an airfield in southern Italy. ibulaucc at ;