Winnipeg Free Press

August 14, 1945

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Issue date: Tuesday, August 14, 1945

Pages available: 18

Previous edition: Monday, August 13, 1945

Next edition: Wednesday, August 15, 1945

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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - August 14, 1945, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION VOL. 18 PAGES Sun rises 6.15; sun seta 20.49. Moon rises 13.14; moon sets 23.45. WINNIPEG, TUESDAY. AUGUST 14. 1945 WARM STILL AWAITS JAPREPLY Compulsory Training May Remain Ottawa, Aug. 14 'Compulsory military training for Canadian young men is now being considered by the domin- ion government, and" a bill in- troducing it may be proposec at the forthcoming session of parliament, it was learned here today. According to present plans have not yet gone beyonc the discussion stage, some young .men would be called up each year to take one year's training. One suggestion is that they would take this training upon completing their high school education, or in the event of their not attending high- school, at the age of 18. The fact that the plans are still in the discussion stage is reportedly due to the government's reluctance to introduce compulsory training before the end of the Jap war. With the end of the war, however, the cabinet is said to be giving serious thought to asking the commons to approve the necessary legislation after it begins its sittings nex month. Improved Understanding- The opinions of a number of lead- ing persons in public life through' out Canada have been privately obtained on the policy, it is ..under- stood, and there is said to be strong support for the measure in both English and French-speaking Can- ada. The training of young men of both languages in mixed camps is regarded as an important means ol bringing about improved under- standing between the youth of the two races. The compulsory training, accord- ing to present proposals, would not only comprise training in methods of warfare. It would aim at build- ing up the health of young Cana- dians and would also include edu- cational training. courses and technical Among the suggestions under con- sideration is that those called up would be examined as to aptitude during the first three months of their training and those showing aptitude for the air force or navy would In restricted numbers be permitted to complete their train- ing with these services At the end of the training period, the trainees would be placed on the reserve. ARMAND PROULX Charged With Murder To Try Youth In Adult Court Sixteen-year-old Joseph Henr Armand Proulx, who is charged with the murder of 15-jear-olc Barbara Smith, in St. Boniface July 28, was trarsferred from the juvenile court to the adult court by Judge F. A. E. Hamilton. Tues- day morning. He will appear before Judge L. P. Roy in St. Boniface police court and a date will then be set for a hearing. Proulx will be be 17 years of age Aug. 27, police said. Medical ex'idence was heard by Judge Hamilton before the decision to transfer the case was made While the juvenile court met in camera in St. Boniface -city hall. the youth's father, Michael Proulx 277 Dufferin avenue: his sister anc the murdered girl's mother snt out- side the closed door waiting for the decision. TEMPERATURE READINGS tow during; the night 7.30 a.m.( Aug. 14 10.30 a.m., Aug. 14 1.30 p.m., Aug. 14 This day last year Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, right, commander of the American forces in Europe was greeted by Marshal G. K. Zbukov, of Russia (left, hands upon arrival at the Moscow airport. Victory Celebrations Start In U.S. Cities New York, Aug. 14. singing crowds formed impromptu parades in Times" Square 'early today when they learned that Tokyo radio said "an imperial message accepting the Potsdam proclamations will be forth- coming soon." Windows opened in darkened buildings and ticker tape came CIVIC HOLIDAY WILL MARK END floating down as girls shouted and cheered and turned to kiss the nearest soldiers and sailors. "It's all over, isn't they said. Automobiles drew up to the curbs with radios blaring so the crowds could hear the news, and were quickly covered with swarms of aughing, wise-cracking celebrants. The crowd roared patriotic songs. Soldiers clambered on top of sub- way marquees to pose for photo- graphs. Two women, injured slight- y in the crush, were taken to a iospital. Chinatown and "Little Italy in ower Manhattan were awakened by a parade of honking automobiles. Children woke first and .ran into the streets, followed by their par- ents who lit skyrockets, firecrackers and blew bugles. Cars shot through the narrow, crowded red lights by police. Downtown Chicago Jammed Chicago, Aug. 14. (AP) Down- town Chicago was jammed with ;housands of merrymakers early ;oday within a few minutes after Tokyo radio announced "an im- perial message accepting the Pots- dam proclamations will be forth- coming soon." Bands of revellers stopped automobiles, climbed on fenders and tops and cruised through the district. Hotel patrons hung out of win- dows and tossed paper into the streets. Motorists leaned on horns and backfired their engines.. Girls planted kisses on the cheeks of servicemen and civilians alike, Lieut. Kieth Cooke, of the Royal Canadian Navy (hometown un- available) said, "Ten minutes be- fore ihe announcement, the streets were deserted. Look at them A thunderstorm drove some of the pedestrians to the shelter of doorways and canopies, but auto- mobiles continued to keep up the If official word of the surrender of Japan is announced before 5 p.m. on any one day, then the following day will be proclaimed a civic holiday, Mayor Garnet Coulter an- nounced- Tuesday morning. If, on the other hand, the news breaks after 5 p.m., business will be carried on as usual the following day, and the next day will be the official holiday. This decision was made by Mayor Coulter following a conference with various business firms and food dis- tributors. On the mayor's desk Tuesday morning was a tele- gram from Alfred Klieforth, former U.S. consul in Win- nipeg, and now stationed at Praha, Czechoslovakia: "My heart is in Winnipeg on Victory Day. Please celebrate for the message read. din. San Francisco Hilarious San Francisco, Aug. 14. (BUP) San Francisco had the biggest early celebration. The news of the Tokyo surrender broadcast hit that Pacific embarkation port at 10.4% p.m. while the streets, restaurants, night clubs and movies still were filled. Thousands of servicemen waiting for ships to take them into battle went wild with joy. Celebrators piled war bond booths in the middle of the street and turn- ed therr. into bonfires. A crowd es- timated at perhaps persons broke into liquor stores and over- turned automobiles. San Franciscans cut loose with all the revelry they had stored up. Street car service on the main street was discontinued. A group of soldiers and sailors commandeer- ed a truck and rolled it over. They ripped off the tires and pulled out the wires. A blonde danced in her bare feet and police and shore pa- CELEBRATIONS Continued on Page 5, Column 2 Lower Taxation Expected Soon By CHESTER BLOOM Ottawa, Ont., Aug. in the individual in- come tax, corporation income tax, and excess profits tax undoubtedly will form the principal alterations in the new 'Canadian Victory budget for the .fiscal years 1945-46 and 1946-47, now being hastily revised by the dominion department cf finance. Primary cuts undoubtedly must come first in the corporation in- come and excess profits taxes. These offer the chief obstacle to immediate large-scale conversion of private war industry to civilian production. Priorities or materials for civilian production already .have been largely removed. It is now up to th- corporations to buy such raw materials wherever they can get them. Such materials as tin and rubber, uf course, are still un- obtainable in lar.se q" where. But as civilian UD to keep the industrial complete, tfc blockade on rnnsumer buying established oy the pTohibitorV income taxes must be materially cut down not entirely removed. Also, to maintain the balance in national economy while these trans- formations are taking place, an- other victorv loan undoubtedly will have to be floated though on no such scale as the actual war loans. Moreover, interest rates may be materially reduced since a huge backlog of investment is available. Income Tax Revenue During the fiscal year ending March 31, 1944, the income taxes produced Of this sum. came from individual income taxes and from corporation TAXATION Continued on Page 5, Column 6 WORLD LOSS War Havoc Totalled By RALPH HEINZEN British United Press War Analyst New York, Aug. 13. War H lias cost the peoples of this earth no fewer than dead, wounded and missing by the most conservative but tentative and incomplete estimates from official statistics. Behind barbed wire, as prisoners of war. are an additional arid they will be joined as soon as hostilities end by the rest of the Japanese armed an additional By today. World War II has drag- ged to within 19 days of a full six years. Britain and the empire na- tions have been in it actively for that whole time. The United States has been at war with the Axis for three years, eight months, six days since Pearl Harbor. China, at war with Japan, continuously, since July 7, 1937, has been fighting seven years, one month, six days. This war. almost twice as costly as World War I in lives and money, has cost, the peoples of the earth at least a trillion dollars in monies actually spent, plus many times in lost work-hours and property de- struction. It will be at least a year before the total cost of World War II can be known. There is great variance between estimates by various departments of the same government. Hitler him- self, last Feb. 24, estimated Ger- many's war losses at of which 6.300.000 had been killed, yet on July 29 a captured document which is now accepted as official and almost accurate lists Germany's war losses at 4.064.480 up to Nov. 30, 1944. Casualties Estimates As a basis of comparison, the casualties of all belligerents of World War I amounted to of which Germany lost just under 7.000.000 dead and wounded. Nor do the German lists give the num- aer of civilian casualties in air raids and invasions. Conservative estimates of civilian and military dead, wounded or miss- ing, exclusive of prisoners of war: Soviet Russia.................... Germany to Poland, military Poland, exterminated China................................ 3.000.000 Japan................................... British empire United States 1.070.000 France 1.000.000 Italy Yugoslavia Ottawa, Aug. 14. quarters were silent yesterday on the handling by the Ottawa CBC staff of a recorded speech by Prime Minister Mackenzie King which was broadcast prematurely Sunday night. _. CBC officials and Mr. Kings of- fice declined to comment on a broadcast of a record which the Pnrne Minister had made to be used when official confirmation oi Japan's unconditional surrendei was received. It was not possible to obtain any comment as to whether, action would be taken against the CBt. for violating the strict rule of Can_ adian radio that a transcribed broadcast must be announced as such. No mention was made on the air that the prime minister's broao> cast was recorded. Austria 700.000 Hungary 600.000 Rumania Greece................................... Holland.................................. Finland.................................... Belgium Czechoslovakia Philippines 'Slaves" dead or missing.. 700.000 275.000 183.166 60.000 30.000 350.000 Tokyo Radio Says Terms Are Accepted Washington, Aug. 14. world waiting for the Japanese war to end was told today it would have to keep on waiting for an official announcement. A lonfe note from Japan to Switzerland turned out not to be the long-anticipated official message announcing the s unconditional sur- render. The Tokyo Radio, however, broadcast that the Japanese had decided to accept the Allied terms. And later it said that the Japanese reply to Allied surrender terms "is now on its way to the Japanese minister at Switzerland, for transmission to Washington. This latter broadcast was monitored at 11.01 p.m., about an hour after the Swiss legation rel. The earlier 'P Domei Says %News Tonight San Francisco, Aug. 14. A Japanese Domei transmission! today said that a transmission of' "unprecedented importance" will be made at noon Wednesday (10 p.m. C.D.T. Domei said in a transmission re- corded by U.S. government moni- tors that because of the importance of the broadcast "the 100.000.000 (people of Japan) without excep- tion must listen attentatively." At the same time the Japanese domestic radio was heard telling its listeners that "a very important announcement is scheduled to be given tomorrow at noon. Will you please listen." It appeared that this hour had been fixed for telling the Japanese people of the acceptance of the Potsdam ultimatum. No word of Japan's negotiations has yet been given to the Japanese public. The message telling of the un- precedented forthcoming announce- ment was transmitted shortly after Domei had sent it to its bureaus in occupied Asia a "hold for release" message from Emperor Hirohito. This message expressed Hiro- hito's "extreme concern" at the "calamity caused by the United States." Not Complete The Hirohito message was not complete. After about 130 words of it had been transmitted in-Ro- manized Japanese. FCC monitors reported, it was broken off and the Domei agency informed its Dureaus that the item was to be held for release. The text of the Domei broad- cast, as recorded by U-S. govern- ment monitors, was: "How shall the people, filled with trepidation, reply to the emperor? His majesty's subjects are moved to tears by his majesty's bounless and infinited solicitude. "August 14, the imperial decision was granted The palace grounds are quiet beneath the dark clouds. "Honored with the imperial edict in the sublime palace JA w mi here learned that the note already in Bern was not the surrender reply, impcj..al govcrn. ment had decided to accept the ultimatum touched off victory celebrations in many parts of the world. They had not, however, stopped cascades of bombs on he enemy homeland from U.S. airplanes and smashing ground rives by Red Army forces in Manchuria. White House Fooled The long note reported in. Bern in the night fooled even the White House. It announced, md everybody believed, that it was the Japanese reply to Allied surrender terms. There was no indication when ibc surrender note mentioned In the 12.01 p.m. Tokyo broadcast would arrive here. Despite the confusion, there wai no falling off of confidence thnt the Japanese, however reluct- antly, were ready to surrender. Thp Japanese radio alerted Jap- pncse listeners for a broadcast of "unprecedented importance" at 10 p.m. C.D.T. That may be first official enemy announcement that, the emperor has accepted un- conditional surrender. Hours earlier, at 1.49 a.m. C.D.T, the Japanese Domei News agency had interrupted a discussion of chilblain cures to broadcast: "Flash Tokyo Learned imperial message accepting Potadam declaration forthcoming soon." White House Press Secretary Charles G. Ross announced 8.M a.m. that the Japanese surrender note was expectec here "some time today." About 2Vi later had to make anoth-cr announce- ment. It was that the note trans- mitted from Tokyo to Bern did not "contain the answer awaited by the who'le world." No Hint Given The Swiss did not .s.iy what the Japanese claimed, today, their scientists have developed two wonder drugs, "Koha" and "Shiko." which rapidly are curing thou- sands of persons burned in air raids. A Domei agency broadcast, recorded by the federal communica- tions commission, said the pills also are good for chilblains. Ottawa Silent On CBC Broadcast Spy Atteirtpt On Atom Bomb Work Revealed Oak Tenn.. Aug. 14 (BUP) was revealed today that a attempt" was made to s'py on the American atomic bomb pro- iect here and that it was thwarted by a specially trained unit of Ihe U.S. army's counter intelligence corps. Military agents formed the nucleus of an organization which successfully protected the secret, an army release disclosed Key scientists working on the de- velopment of the bomb were con- stantly guarded, the army said. "All attempts to obtain vital In- formation were the an- nouncement said. It did not disclose whether the person or persons in- volved had been previously identi- fied as having been apprehended in this country 3? enemy agents. Rumors and speculations were traced to their source and so well the secret guarded thai the Nazis believed, only a short time before they surrendered that the United States had not progressed beyond the early research stages in development of the atom bomb, the army said. "With success of the project de- pendent upon the safety of a few key scientists, elaborate measures to protect their identity and where- abouts were instituted and counter intelligence corps agents were as- signed as constant tne announcement continued. I Dr Wei Tao-Ming, Chinese ambassador to the United States, is shown leaving the White House after conferring with President Truman, Monday. He said he believed the news of the Japanese sur- render would come at any minute although he could base his beliel on no specific information. A reporter is at right________________ Superforts Make What Their Last Raid Guam, Aug. 14. than 600 Superfortresses and fighters dropped tons of bombs on central Japan to- day in what may be their last raid of the Less than an hour after the last. B-29 had turned homeward, Tokyo reported that Japan has decided to accept Allied peace terms. Most of the huge raiders still were en route bacK to the Marianas at BULLETINS the time. Behind them they left two arsen- als and a clogged railway yard on Honshu wreathed in flames. The Japanese offered neither fighter nor anti-aircraft opposition. Off Tokyo itself, the Japanese themselves about th'2 same time were making probably their last suicide air attacks on the Allied fleets. Tokyo said suicide planes were attacking as late as 12.3Q p.m., Tokyo time. The Japanese sur- render broadcast came at 2.49 pjn Though the enemy account was not confirmed immediately, Pacific fleet headquarters announced that Allied patrol aircraft yesterday shot down 21 Japanese planes near the fleet. Other carrier planes boosted the day's toll to 138 enemy planes destroyed or damaged with raids on the Tokyo area. None of the enemy raiders penetrated to the warships them- selves, the communique said. Tokyo claimed, nowever. to have damaged an Allied aircraft carrier and a cruiser. Tokyu placed the fleet 25 miles off the east coast of Honshu and within 80 miles of Tokyo yesterday. Allied carrier planes destroyed 46 enemy planes on tne ground and damaged 71 others in yesterday's raids on the Tokyo area. In addition to airfield installa- tions, the carrier planes wrecked a radar plant and other ground installations near the enemy capital Bombers, Fighters Attack Manila, Aug. 14. (BUP) More than Allied bombers and fighters attacked the Japanese home islands during the. pact 48 hours and destroyed or damaged at least 43 enemy vessels including a cruiser, it was disclosed today. (The Australian radio reported Australian troops on Bougainville were holding a bomber in readi- ness which will fly over the Japan- ese positions the minute the Japan- ese officially have accepted the Allied terms and will drop "100.000 leaflets announcing the war's Boys Set fire To Two boys, each 17 years old, poured coal oil on a stray cat in the C.N.K. Fort yards, at 10 p.m Sunday, and set it alight, according to the Winnipeg Humane society. One held the cat while the other poured the oil and set it alight The frantic animal dashed under the floor of the yard olfice. The incident was seen by a railway constable, on duty at the time, win recovered the cat. which was dead The constable apprehended the two youths who have appeared before the investigations department oJ The'matter has been referred to the Winnipeg Humane society, who will lay charges, according to Miss Stray Cat Sally Wamock, society. director of the ENVOYS ARRIVE Bern, Aug. 14. (BUP) The Japanese minister went to the Swiss federal building at 8.05 p.m. (2.05 p.m. C.D.T.) tonight and a few moments after he left the U.S. minister, Leland Harrison, arrived at the office. MORE POWER San Francisco, Aug. 14. (BUP) Japanese will make spe- cial efforts to provide electric current on all circuits at noon tornorroy (10 p.m. C.D.T. to- nif.'ht) so that everyone can hear the important announcement which is forthcoming. U.S. gov- ernment monitors reported to- day. ADVANCE 93 MILES London, Aug. 14. The Japanese defences in western Manchuria collapsed today be- fore a Russian onslaught that carried 93 miles eastward in a single day and swept up thous- ands of enemy prisoners. JAPS CONTACTING SHIPS New York., Aug. 14. (AP) American Broadcasting com- pany monitors repor'ed shortly after 6 a.m. today that Japanese radio stations had begun to con- tact all Japanese ships at sea. The monitors said the staticns were transmitting the call let- ters "MAM." used by the Jap- anese government to contact ships at sea in emergencies. TJ.S. PLANES ATTACK Guam, Wednesday, Aug. 15. than Ameri- can warplanes attacked Japan in the last 24 hours, including assaults made early today, Gen. Carl Spaatz announced._______ note did contain. There wag possibility that it might tx a long- winded Japanese protest against U.S. use of the atomic bomb. Ross in his first press conference told more than 100 newsmen that the Japanese reply to the .surrender ultimatum had been received by the Swiss in But the Swiss foreign office in Bern and the Swiss legation hnre subsequently denied that the Jap- anese reply had been presented tor transmission by Switzerland. In his second press conference, Ross disclosed that Ihe Swiss lega- tion here had received nt 9.59 a.m. C.D.T. from its government the fol- lowing hope-dashing "Very 60--.Japanese lega- tion reports that coded cables it received this mo.-ning do not (re- peat not) contain the answer awaited by the whole world." Messare Made Public The Swiss legation shortly after nocn handed this message to JAPS Cortinued on Page 5, Column 3 Show No Mercy Russians Told London, Aug. 14. in broadcasts three hours after Radio Tokyo's surrender message, exhorted her advancing Manchur armies today to overtake Japanese forces and "show them no mcrcv." "Don't let the enemy get from your crushing blowt. Soviet radio at Khabarovsk told three Red Banner armies clamping a stranglehold on Manchuria. time has come for Japan to pay fully for her crime's. Crush Japanese militarism once and for all." The Soviets last niKht revealed that their .tanks and Mongol men had advanced more than 1O miles across the waterless wastes tit western Manchuria in the lourtu and newest of their In ttia six-day-old war._____.____________ Peiain Dozes Off, Last Plea Offered Paris Aug 14. Petain, still refusing to speak .in his own defence, dozed fitfully through the last hours of his treason trial today as his counsel offered a final plea for his life. The jury was expected to return a verdict tonight on six counts of treason and collaboration, all of which could carry the death pen- alty. Chief defence counsel Jacques Payen opened the final summation with a review of the aged marshal s tenure as chief of thr Vichy sta during the German occupation. He reiterated the defence stand thai Petain played a double game throughout the occupation., secrptly supporting the Allies while pretend- ing to accept German orders. Striking Ftfure A white-haired, striking figure with almost transparent, ivory-like skin, the marshal toyed aimlessly with his gloves during the defence summation and occasionally stared over at the crowded press benches a few feet away. At one point, Paycn switched Into a long dissertation on Franco- German Petain listened at- tentively for a few minutes. Then his head began to nod and icll asleep. The trial recessed briefly in mla- afternoon and wnon it was resumed attorney Fernand Isorny took up the final phase of Pctain'g defence. He accused France's prc-armistice political leadens of equal responsi- bility with Peiain for the humili- ations brought upon the country, and declared that the marshal hid acted always for the of thr French people. Eleven marshals of France have been sentenced to death sinct 1440, but only eight actually were exe- cuted The on'ly chief of the French elate to be executed Louis XVI, who went to the guillotine In 1793. ;