Winnipeg Free Press

August 16, 1945

Issue date: Thursday, August 16, 1945
Pages available: 20
Previous edition: Wednesday, August 15, 1945 - Used by the World's Finest Libraries and Institutions
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Winnipeg Free Press (Newspaper) - August 16, 1945, Winnipeg, Manitoba FINAL EDITION Winnipeg Free Pr_ess VOL. 275- _ Sun rises. 6.18; Sun acts, Moon rises, 15.25; Moon sets, 24.34. WINNIPEG, THURSDAY, AUGUST 16, 1945 WARM LIVES SAVED SAYS CHURCHILL End Gas Rationing And Transit Controls Ottawa, Aug. 16. (CP) The government Wednesday abolished gasoline rationing and lifted all transit control re- strictions on the operation of taxis, buses and drive-yourself cars, but warned that rationing of tires must continue until stocks become available. These three munitions department announcements today were directed to Canadian munitions These three munitions depart- announcements today were directed to Canadian motorists: 1. .Effective immediately, gaso- line rationing and all restrictions on the use of fuel oil in Canada are removed. 2. Also removed are the transit Controls which prohibited sight- eeeing tours, restricted taxis to operation within a 15-mile radius of the community in which they ordinarly operated; limited the use of drive-yourself cai's to certain specific purposes, and prohibited the use of buses for charter trips. 3. Tire rationing cannot be abolished until the switch over Irom .military production can be accomplished and sufficient stocks became available. However, the list of vehicle owners eligible for new tires will be broadened as soon as possible. Announcement of the lifting of gasoline rationing came shortly after a. similar announcement from Washington, which said that tires will remain on the rationed list in that country for the time being. Canned Fruit Ration Remains Meanwhile prices board officials said no change is contemplated in the rationing of canned fruits in Canada. They were commenting on a Washington announcement that the rationing of canned fruits was to end immediately in the United States. As long as there is a shortage of sugar, canned fruits likely will remain oa the Canadian ration lists, the officials said A munitions spokesman said lifting of toe ration was effective "right now this minute if you can convince a service station operator that the order has been issued." "On April 1, 1942, gasoline ration- ing was introduced in Canada as a very necessary war measure." eaid Mr. Howe. "By careful plan- ning and co-operation of the public generally, we have met the heavy demand for petroleum products irom our armed forces and essen- tial war industries. "At the same time we have tried to give each motorist as much gasoline as possible, but .in doing no, our stocks at times dropped to critically low levels. Gasoline has always been rationed on the basis of present supply and forward demand. Position "Warrants Removal "By this same careful 'planning, have come to the end of the Japanese phase of the war in a position where I am pleased GASOLINE Continued on Page 6, Column to Atomic Bombs Avert Offensive London, Auz. 16. two atomic bombs that forced Japan to surrender enabled the Allies to call off a tfffantic offensive mapped out at Potsdam that would have cost American and British lives, Winston Churchill revealed in the H ouse of George VI and. Queen Elizabeth, for the Japanese General Shoots Himself Zurich, Aug. 16. Kiyotomi Okamoto, Japanese mili- tary attache, shot and killed him- self at his home today. Thus he follows the example set by Japanese war minister Gen. Korechika, who committed hara- kiri in Tokyo yesterday to atone for his failure" to win the war. Okamoto formerly was assistant chief of staff in Singapore. He was assigned to Switzerland in Decem- ber, 1943, and recently has been under medical treatment here. He shot himself with a revolver rather than using the traditional hara-kiri method of suicide by dis- embowelment with a dagger. ARRESTED IN FANCY DEESS Montreal, Aug. 16. (CP) Roger Godin, 21. was arraigned yesterday on a charge of theft of during celebrations. But he was more than reluctant to enter the dock. Reason: he was clothed the way he was wnen a woman s dress with two fancy pockets and puffy sleeves.__________________ New Regulations Speed Discharges Ottawa, Aug. 16. regulations to "facilitate and sueed up" the demobilization of the Canadian army, extending to service personnel not previously eligible for the opportunity of immediate discharge, were announced last night by Defence Minister McNaxighton in a detailed, 900-word statement. The various now eligible T-oops' Release fitting New Peak Armistice Mission In Manila On Friday Manila, Aug 16. will send a mission to Manila tomorrow to receive Gen. Douglas' MacArthur's sur- render terms, it was announced today, but Tokyo warned that it probably will be -2 days before cease-fire orders can reach from the throne as leader of me opposition, the former prime minis- ter said the offensive was planned at Potsdam and that ho and President Truman already had given order to set in motion what mlgnt have proved thr most costly cam- paign in history. It was averted only by the atomic bombing and Japan's sudden ena unconditional surrender, he taia. Churchill disclosed that the de- cisive point of the Pacific war July 1? when the Potsdam were informed secretly that atomic bomb had beep, tested cessfully in the N'.-w Mexican desert. King George Voices Gratitude In Radio Address To World all of Japan's armed forces. (An English-language Japanese broadcast directed to MacArthur and heard by U.S. government monitors, said it was "impossible to arrange lor the flight of our representative on Aug. 17 due to the scarcity of An official broadcast from Okin- awa announced that the Japanese armistice delecates. probably, four in number, will arrive at le island off Okinawa between 1C a.m. and 1 p.m. tomorrow uilding prosperity anc' happiness. He called upon his hearers to re- member those who laid down their ives in the struggle and said one of the fruits of the victory would be the reunion of those who long had been held prisoners of the Japanese vith their Following is the text: Three months have passed since 1 isked you to join with me in act of hanksgiving for the defeat of Ger- many. Relentless Enemy Remaineo Greatly as we then rejoiced that had returned to Europe, a strong and relentless enemy still re- mained to be conquered in Asia. No one could then tell how long or how heavy would prove the struggle that still awaited us. Today Japan has surrendered so let us' join in thanking almighty God that war has er.ded throughout the world, and that in every coun- ;ry men may now turn their indus- try, skill and science to repairing its frightful devastation and to build- ing prosperity and happiness. Our sense of deliverance is over- powering, and with it all we have a right to feel that we have done our duty. Remember the Dead I ask vou again this solemn hour to remember all R'ho have laid down their lives, and all who have endured the loss of those they love Remember, too. the sufferings of those who fell into the hands of the enemy, whether as prisoners of war or because their homes had been overrun. They have been in our thoughts all through these dark years: let us pray that cue result of the defeat of Japan may be many happy reunions of those who have long separted from each other The campaigns in the Far East will be famous in history for many reasons. There is one feature of them which is a special interest to you the citizens of our British common- wealth and Empire to whom I speak In those campaigns there nave fought, side by side with our Allies KING GEORGE Continued on Page 6, Column 3 Die In Celebration ____ York, Aug. 16. dozen persons died in the United States Tuesday night as a result of victory celebrations which were eav and unrestrained in every hamlet and city throughout country.____________ Vjuiucia six days: Bougainville in eight days; New Guinea and Philippines! The Okinawa statement said that the Japanese delegates would trans- fer to an American plane at le Shima and then fly south directly lf Idded that the delegation' was expected to return to Japan with the surrender, ajiu and presumably will represent those powers at the preliminary conference. Admiral Nimitz revealed the whereabouts ot the final surrender an cerernony in an he had invited Gen. Can A. Spaatz. commander of the strategic air forces, and Lt.-Gen. Roy S. Geiger, MANILA Continued on Page 4, Column_5_ SovietTroops Within 125 Miles Of Peiping Moscow Au-r 16 Red to the Japanese lay down their arms-smashed forward two-Jronged drive that carried.11to, 125 miles of the ancient announced last night. Gains of almost 20 miles were re- ported across western Manchuria. Soviet aircraft supported tlie ground troops with attacks on enemy Around forces and Manchurian rail lubs. The new onslaught across sou.h- ern Chahar province of Inner Mon- golia One forward unit enveloped y the old caravan .route to northern China. Despite Japan's surrender an- nouncement, Gen. Alexei Antonov, chief of the Red army general staff, told his troops in a special order of capitulation will be completed only when arms are sur- rendered by the Jo'gS Until this moment arrives, the Red army will continue offensive opera- tions. Up to the present we have only the surrender made by the Japan- ese Emperor. The order for the army to surrender arms has not been delivered yet. and so we can- not consider it as a complete capi- tulation." Still FifTbtinc the FEMPORARY DEFEAT Jap Statements Worry Allies _ war because the Allies Washington, Aug. U, was a long, hard iS'they' _ Tn rimmcm of miiitarv were wViirh 1 fight to beat the Japanese In the opinion of 4f Twill rw-i they now have a HKilt fcw 1 f, HICJ 1-.WW diplomatic authorities here it will be a longer new strength for themselves and harder fight to keep them defeated. The Times Expresses London, Aug 16. alarm today at the forming the neoole of their Times expressed broadcasts m- From forming me peopje mcn _.. -we they are still think in terms ol the lack of streneth and knoAvIeofic 3 The 100 years of war they have talked about ever since it became obvious they could not win this time These statements by Emperor Hirohito. the re- Premier Suzuki and others are being care- not fail to take_the fnalyzed here for clues to the problems con- In the opinion of Melbourne, Aug. SeV havebeen able to department of political structure of their state, Xilfc, can- 16 Hirohito's leople yesterday was "It is not the> of repentance or feelings defeated London, Aug. 16. Russia said today .that Japanese troops in Manchuria and still were fightins fanatically de- spHe their government's surrender Radio Khabarovsk, voice of the Soviet Far Eastern command, re- pSrted three Red Banner armies were continuing their advance mo the heart of enemy territory in face of "unslackening fanatical Japanese efforts to check it witti powerful defences of long- standing." ____ U.S. Policy For Jews In Palestine Washington, Aug. 16. (BUP) President Truman revealed today hat the United States proposed at Potsdam that as many Jews as pos- sible be permitted to enter Palestine The prasident said at a press con- ference that he had discussed the question of a Jewish national stale with the new and old British prime ministers, Clement Attlcc and Win- ston Churchill. The discussions were continuing. ic added. Asked whether he had talked over the problem with Stalin, the presi- dent replied that had not, because it was a problem about which Stalin could do nothing. He said plans must be worked out with the British and the Arabs, so that if a Jewish state can be set up in Palestine, it will be on a peacefu The president said Britain's future position in Hong Kong was not dis- cussed, but that the problem of Korea was. He said he expected that the plan for Korea would work out as en visaged. He did not mention the Cairo declaration, but evidently was referring to its promise of indepen- dence for Korea "in due course. Canada To See D-Day Project Ottawa, Aug. 16. (CP) The soon is going to spread itself in Canada. Saver of countless lives, the very backbone of success in the in- vasion the of Normandy, mulberry is code word for the massive project that resulted in the pre- fabricated harbor towed across the Channel after D-Day and set tip off the shores of France. it flowed the supplies that sustained the offensive in France. What actually is coming to Canada for virtually a year-lonB tour of 13 cities is the layout of the United Kingdom war office operations room used by Gen. OUtri u iivjiaa i wu... Eisenhower's staffs to plan devise something once considered and phase already has' been on display impossible. It consists of work- ing models. relief maps diagrams, depicting every It already has' in England and _ TEMPERATURE I READINGS Low during the night Ang. 16 a-m- Aag. 16 Ang. Thla day year later by air could leave no doubt in the minds oif the very few who were informed that we were In presence of a new factor In human affairs. "We possessed powers which were irresistible." Trie secret of the new weapon has not been divulged to Russia any other power. Churchill declared. He added solemnly that it should remain in British and Amerlcaa hands. for the present at least, "iti the interests of the common safety of the world." Churchill revealed that Soviet Russia's decision to join the war against Japan was made Jong be- fore the fall of Germany. Generalissimo Stalin, he said. pledged that the Red army would, move against the Japanese in the Far East three months after Ger- many capitulated. No Accident "It was no mere accident that Germany's surrender on May 8 was followed by Russia's declaration ot war on Aug. 8. but an example of the fidelity and punctuality with which Marshal Stalin and hU valiant armies always kept their military engagements." Churchill paid tribute to Russia aid in the closing days of '.he Far Eastern war. But he declared em- phatically thnt it was the atomic bomb more than any other factor Uiat brought the war to a swift end. and averted the "desperate and massacres of invasion. Churchill, who went to the Three conference last month M Britain's prime minister and tva. voted out of office in the midst of the meeting, revealed that the Anglo-American decision to the bomb on Japan was divulged to Stalin at that time. Simullanr -us-ly, the British nna American joint chiefs of staff sub- mitted a master plan for a knock- out offensive against the Japanese in Malaya, the Dutch East Irtdici and Japnn itself. Greatest in History That undertaking, Churchill said, would have been the mili- tary operation in history. The Allied high command ordered it to begin with the full realization that it probably would mean the sacrifice of American and British lives. It was with that price in blood before them thnt the Allied lead- ers made their decision to unchxlr the devastating power of the atomic bomb against Japan, Churchill declared. 'If the Germans and Japanese had discovered it." he added, "they would have used it on us to our complete destruction with the utmost alacrity." Referring to American produc- tion plants he told the house, the Unitnd States "at this minute stands at the sumr.iit of the world." "I rejoice that this i_ he said. Turning to European Churchill warned that potentially explosive situations still exist Ojl the continent. He said it was not impossible that tragedy on a vast scale might already be unfolding there. Of Poland, he said: -There are few virtues the Polos do not possess and few mistakes they have ever avoided." Churchill warned the Labor government that democracy in Britain as well as on the continent was on trial as never before. He promised the Conservative pr.rty's support to the new gov- ernment's foreicn policy, provided that policy is based on principles of freedom and fair play "as understand them In this Island. Gen. Prince Higashi-Kuni To Form Japan Cabinet San Francisco, Aug. 16. Hirohito today ordered Gen. Prince Naruhiko Higashi-Kuni, uncle of the Empress Nagako, to form a new Japanese selection the emperor apparently hoped would satisfy the Allies.______ The official Japanese _agcn_cy and a ,ajn in 1938-40 Arita wai Mid Domei said toe premier-designate was expected to complete by to- night a full cabinet, replacing Pre- mier Suzuki's government which resigned yesterday. Jt was the first time in Japan's history that a member of the imperial family has been com- manded to head the government. Domet said the prince established his "cabinet organization head- quarters" at 3.25 p.m.. io a detached palace in Tokyo. Higashi-Kuni probably was chosen by Hirohito because the emperor-felt that his royal blond and his record as a soldier might make him acceptable to the oc- cupation forces. The emperor, ft was believed, apparently hoped that the demands of Gen. "MacArthui. as supreme Allied commander might be bet- ter understood and carried out by a military man. The portfolio of foreign affairs, Tokyo said, might be given either to Mamoru Shigemitus, who held the post in the former cabinet; of Gen. Kuniaki Koiso, or to Hachlro Arita, foreign minister in to hold the inside track. Arita was first secretary for the Japanese Washington in 1921. He also served as ambassa- dor to Belgium in 1934-38. and as ambassador to in February, 1936 Shigemitsu had long career in Europe serving first in Germany in 1911. then in England in 1814. He was ambassador to Soviet Ru-- sia in 1936. and then beiame am- bassador to England In 1938. The broadcast of the appointment of the new premier said: "His majesty, emperor, at 9.30 a.m. today commanded his imperial highness, Prince Naru- hiko Higashi-Kuni. to form a new cabinet, the imperial household ministry announced at 4.15 p.m. to- day Background Prince Naruhiko studiiid In France from 1920 to J927, and aivon command of the third In- fantrv rejziment of the Imperial Guard division In 1928. He was pjromoted to command JAP CABINET Continued on Page 4, Column 6 ;